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Friday, 22 July 2011

Joseph Edwards Dickson of Tyrone and Dublin

Joseph Edwards Dickson and Tennie Dickson

Joseph Dickson and Emily Eveline/Eveleen Jones were our maternal great-grandparents. Emily Eveleen was the daughter of Charles Jones and Isabella Pennefather of 56 Blessington Street.

Emily Eveleen, known as Tennie, married Joseph Edwards Dickson, a coal merchant of 15 Northumberland Road, on 18th August 1897 in the Jones' parish church of St.Marys. Their witnesses were Tennie's older brother, Robert Oscar Jones who worked in the family business Charles Jones & Sons, and William James Hardy who was a friend of Joseph Dickson from Tyrone.  There was a 13 year age difference between the bride and groom - on the 1901 Census you can see that Joseph was 36 and Tennie was only 23.

I found two deeds relating to Joseph Edwards Dickson.  The first (1894-2-293)  was between John Arthur Maconchy and Alexander Knox McEntire of the Four Courts, Final Assigners of the Court of Bankruptcy, and Joseph Edwards Dickson of Grand Canal Wharf and Great Brunswick St, trustees for the creditors in the matter of a petition for arrangement by John Little, formerly of the Hibernian Glass Bottle Works, Ringsend and John Gardinner Nutling of Gortmore, Dundrum.
The second deed (1897-77-143) referred to Joseph's own bankruptcy that year. It was dated 7th December 1897.  'In the matter of Joseph E. Dickson of 110 Great Brunswick Street, coal merchant, trading as J.E.Dickson & Co. - a bankrupt. His effects vested in the Court.'
The Irish Times of November 6th 1897 noted that the Court of Justice was to have a meeting, on 19th November, to deal with the J.E. Dickson bankruptcy.
Despite the bankruptcy of 1897, the business seems to have survived for another few years.

In early April 1903, one of the floodgates at the Grand Canal Basin, Ringsend Docks, broke free and was carried away, emptying, at tremendous speed, 30 acres of water into the Liffey.  At 11.30pm, the steamship 'Gertrude' from Liverpool, laden with coal consigned to J.E. Dickson, was carried away by the torrents of water which carried both the shattered gate and the ship towards the sea.  For the first time in decades, the muddy bed of the Canal Basin could be seen exposed from the Grand Canal Bridge;  there were, thankfully, no injuries.



The Children of Joseph Edwards Dickson and Tennie Jones were as follows:

1) Cecil Robert Dickson was born at 3 Nelson Street, near Dorset Street, on 12th May 1899 and died  in 1965.  Cecil Robert Dickson later married Eva Maguire ( 15th December 1902 - 26th February 1995) on 31st August 1927.  At the time the Dickson family were living in Granite House, 124 Pembroke Road, Ballsbridge, and the wedding was witnessed by Cecil's cousin, Percival Mottershed, and by his younger sister - our grandmother - Vera Antoinette Dickson.

Eva Constance Maguire had been born on 15th December 1902 to Frederick William Maguire and Fannie Earls of  Harolds Cross; Frederick William Maguire was the son of a civil servant of Garville Avenue, Rathgar, Henry Maguire, and of Emily Jones.  This Emily Jones was the daughter of a William Jones, but I doubt they were related in any way to the family of Tennie Jones, Cecil Dickson's mother.

Eva Maguire's mother was Fannie Teresa Earls, the daughter of a short-lived Dublin tailor, Henry Cadden Earls (1839 - 1875), and of Harriet Sherlock.  Henry Cadden Earls, the son of tailor John Earls, married Harriet Sherlock, daughter of Robert Sherlock, on 1st April 1861.

   Eva Maguire, daughter of Frederick William Maguire and of Fannie Earls,  and Cecil Dickson had two sons;
         a) Ivan Dickson, born 14th Dec. 1929, married Sallie Hudson, born 3rd May 1928.
         b) Freddie Dickson, born 4th Aug. 1940, married Flo Schmutz, born 28th April 1930.

2) Violet Alexandra Dickson - she was born to Joseph Edward (sic) Dickson and Emily Eveleen Dickson on 29th April 1900;  the family were living at 3 Nelson Street in Dublin city, just around the corner from Blessington Street where Emily Eveleen/Tennie's family were living at the time.

 Violet died of polio tragically young in Montebello, Howth, on 7th January 1917, aged only 16.
Violet Alexander Dickson
3) Emily Eveline Dickson, who we knew as Auntie Ebbie, was born on 14th September 1901, and died 21st November 1977.  At the time of Ebbies's birth, Joseph and Tennie were living at 2 Como Terrace in Clontarf.  Present at the birth was Adelina Maude Jones (née Pelissier) who had married Tennie's brother, Robert Oscar Jones, in 1897 in St.Mary's. Auntie Ebbie never married and spoilt us terribly.


Auntie Ebbie Dickson
4) Adelaide Victoria Dickson, aka Eda, was born 10th November 1902 in Ashbourne, Howth,  and was named after her aunt, Adelaide Victoria Jones Dunbar. She died 9th February 1982.

In December 1911, the governors of the Masonic Girls' School in Ballsbridge met to elect 9 new pupils.  Adelaide V. Dickson, daughter of the late Brother Joseph E.Dickson, coal merchant, of Lodge 126, Dublin, received 3,629 votes, coming second in the vote. It was noted that her father had been a life governor of the school.

She was married to Joseph McClean Wallace, aka Dinky Wallace, (he died 27th Jan. 1959).  They married in South Dublin in 1925 and had three children:
       a)  Cynthia Wallace, born 18th Dec.1925, died 1st October 1988. She married, in Switzerland, Kurt Steinmann.
       b)  Ronald Gordon Wallace, born 4th August 1927, died 10th March 1986. He married, in Dublin, Sylvia Joan Cullen.
       c) Stephanie Joan Wallace, born 4th September 1929. She married, in Bristol, Peter Edward Galton, born 15th July 1930.

Eda's husband, Dinky or Joseph Wallace, had been born in Tobermore, Co. Derry, on 12th May 1896, to the farmer Robert John Wallace and Margaret McLean.

Eda Dickson
5) A daughter, Josephine, was born in 19 Leahy's Terrace in Sandymount on 25th November 1903 but died three days later.  She was buried in Mount Jerome alongside her parents and her older sister Violet.

6)  Vera Antoinette Dickson, our maternal grandmother,was born in Belmont, Howth, on 6th November 1905 - seven months after the death of her father, Joseph Dickson;  she died on 24th August 1982.

Our grandmother, Vera Dickson, with her uncle, Robert Oscar Jones - his brother, Charles Jones, sent the postcard.
As can be seen from the address,  following Joseph Dickson's death, the family moved out to Howth


Vera Dickson married Richard Williams (30th May 1889 - 9th March 1977) on 28th September 1927 in Merrion Hall, Dublin.

The children of our maternal grandparents, Richard Williams and Vera Antoinette Dickson were:
  a)  Maurice Willis Creighton Williams, born Dublin 14th September 1928. Maurice, an engineer, married Marguerite (Daisy) Henderson in 1952 and the couple moved permanently to Edinburgh, Scotland.
b)  Raymond Dickson Williams, born in Dublin on 28th March 1930.  He married in 1964 Ruth Musgrave Harris - both were doctors and spent their entire working lives running a teaching hospital in Zaire, before retiring to England.
c)  Trevor Willis Williams, born in Dublin on 19th March 1932.  A doctor, he emigrated in 1957 to Canada where he married Elizabeth Rose Drover (Betty) in 1960.  Trevor settled first in St. John's, Newfoundland, where he worked with the Department of Public Health, before practising as a pediatrician in Winnipeg, then moving into research, working in the Cadham Provincial Lab as Assistant Director of Microbiology and Virology. He was the Director of Lab and X-Ray Services for over 20 years and was Director of Cadham Lab for the final 5 years of his career, retiring in 2000.
d)  Alan O'Moore Williams, an engineer, born on 1st May 1934. He stayed here in Ireland and never married.
e)  Ruth Dickson Williams, my mother, a teacher, born on 4th May 1937.  She married our dad,  Paul Cuthbert Stewart, in Dublin on 31st March 1960.
f)  Edward Dickson Williams, an engineer, born 23rd April 1942;  in 1970, he married Mary Elizabeth Percy (known as Elizabeth), a teacher who worked with my mother Ruth in Rathgar Junior School. They moved to England.

It was believed by the family that Joseph Edwards Dickson had died young at work following a fall onboard a ship on 10th April 1905;  however his civil registration of death reveals that he had died, aged only 40, of septic peritonitis following eleven years of renal disease; his brother-in-law, Charles Robert Dunbar was the informant when he died.  Perhaps he'd suffered a fall at work at some stage prior to this, and his family passed the story down through the generations?  Joseph Edwards Dickson left a young family - his wife, Tennie, and her children would remain living with her widowed mother, Isabella Pennefather Jones, first in Howth, then later in Carisbrooke House in Ballsbridge.

'Joseph Edwards Dickson of 19 Leahys-Terrace, Sandymount county Dublin died 10th April 1905. Probate Dublin to Eveleen Dickson and Isabella Jones, widows, sealed LONDON 13 November. Effects £65 8s. 2d. in England.'

The business continued without Joseph and can be seen in the Dublin Telephone Directory for 1913:
Dickson J.E. & Co., Coal Importers, 110 Great Brunswick Street and Custom House Dock.
Earlier the business address had been the Grand Canal Wharf and Great Brunswick Street.  The business had most likely continued under the management of Joseph's mother-in-law, Isabella Jones, who was known to be a formidable businesswoman.  An ad. for the business in the Irish Times of 1914 gave, not only the Gt. Brunswick address, but an additional one at 5 d'Olier St, and noted also that the business had been established in 1824.

Following his death, Joseph's widow, Tennie, moved back home to her mother's home with her children and spent the remainder of her life there, first at Howth, then in Ballsbridge.  Her mother, Isabella Anna Jones, née Pennefather, died aged 94 on 31st May 1942, and Tennie died four years later from starvation as a result of oesophageal cancer on 7th March 1946. Her unmarried daughter, Eveleen Dickson/Ebbie had lived with her for a number of years at the end of her life. Tennie is remembered fondly by her grandchildren as a sweet-natured woman who was a wonderful cook;  she was an enthusiastic member of the baptist Plymouth Brethren community and ran a Bible class for the girls, both at Merrion Hall and at home in Granite House.

Emily Eveleen/Tennie Dickson, of Granite House, Pembroke Road, died on 7th March 1946.

The Dickson Family of Clonfeacle Parish, near Dungannon, Co. Tyrone:
Joseph Edwards Dickson was born circa 1865 in Benburb, Clonfeacle, Co. Tyrone (just south of Dungannon) to a farmer Henry Dickson (1812 - 1906) and his wife Eliza/Elizabeth Edwards.
His parents had married in the Moy, Drummond area of Clonfeacle in 1848: Henry's father was a second Henry Dickson and Elizabeth's father was James Edwards.  James Edwards was farming 29 acres in Leckpatrick, Desert, Co. Tyrone in 1858.

The Dickson/Dixon family was associated with the Clonfeacle area of Tyrone which included the neighbouring townlands of Benburb, Carrowcolman, Mullycar and Moy.

From the 1910 edition of 'The Journal of the Irish Memorials Association, 1910':   "Here lyeth the body of David Dickson late of Mullicar who departed this life October 3rd 1747 aged 61 years."

The PRONI website lists five Dicksons as 40-shilling freeholders in Mullicar, Tyrone, noted there on 25th February 1796: Thomas Dickson, Joseph Dickson, George Dickson, John Dickson and James Dickson.  A Thomas Dickson of Mullycar married a woman named Letitia and had Margaret Jane on 22/10/1839, Thomas on 22/3/1842 and Elizabeth on 9/4/1844.

The Tithe Applotment Books of the 1830s show up no Dicksons/Dixons in Clonfeacle, Benburb;  in Carrowcolman, however, Henry Dixon was farming 26 arable acres, and Richard Dixon was farming 9 acres.

Griffiths Valuation was carried out in Tyrone in 1860 and the survey shows a plethora of Dicksons/Dixons in the immediate vicinity leasing land from Viscount Powerscourt:
George Dickson,  Carrowcolman,  10 acres.
John Dickson,  Carrowcolman,  38 acres.
Thomas Dickson, Carrowcolman, 4 acres.
Joseph Dickson, Mullycar, 9 acres. (Leasing from Joseph Goff.)
William Dickson, Mullycar, 9 acres. (Leasing from Joseph Goff.)
Ann Dickson, Moy, leasing a house only from Marg. Johnston.
HENRY DIXON,  31 acres, Moy, Drummond. (This was either Joseph Edward Dickson's father or his grandfather.)
(The above John Dickson might be the John Dickson of Mullycar, who married Mary A. Leeman there and had the following children - William born 6/61875;  Violet Jane born 28/11/1877; John born 18/7/1879;  Barbara Ann born 18/4/1882.  Our own Joseph Edwards Dickson would later name a daughter as Violet.)

Henry Dickson Senior, grandfather of Joseph Edwards Dickson:
Joseph Edwards Dickson was the son of Henry Dickson whose father was also named Henry. The wife of the earlier Henry (our great-great-great grandmother) is unknown, but she might be the Naamah Dickson who had been born circa 1773 and whose death was registered in Dungannon in 1870 when she died aged 97.  A granddaughter was later named as Sarah Maria McCollough Dickson, so perhaps McCollough was the family name of Henry Dickson Sr.'s wife?  The name of Henry Dickson Sr's wife may never be known, but what is certain is that the unusual name 'Naamah' entered the family at this time and reverberated down through the subsequent generations of the Dickson family.

The known children of Henry Dickson Senior were:

1) Maria Dickson who married George Kirkland, the brother of Sarah Kirkland, in 1850 in Clonfeacle. William Kirkland was the father of George and Sarah - in 1860, he was farming in Terryscollop, Clonfeacle.

2 ) Naamah Dickson who married Joseph Machesney, the son of James Machesney in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 21st May 1852.  Joseph Machesney was a publican/grocer of Market Street, Keady, Co. Armagh.

Griffiths Valuation of 1860 shows up a James McChesney farming in Mullyneil, Aghaloo, as was William Leslie, who was possibly the father of Agnes Leslie who married Naamah Dickson's brother, David Dickson.

The only trace of the Machesney family are a family on the 1901 Belfast census living at 16 Lawnbrook Avenue, who have re-used the odd 'Naamah' name and might therefore be the children of Naamah and Joseph. All were born in Co. Armagh - George Machesney, an oiler in a linen factory, was born in 1860;  Naamah Machesney, a dressmaker, was born in 1865;  Sarah Maria, another dressmaker, was born in 1866;  Joseph Machesney, a colour maker, was born in 1869.

The very useful Belfast City burial records are now free to search and view online.  Several members of this Machesney family were buried in grave C2 120, including the father, Joseph Machesney (1818 - 1887) who had died, aged 69, on 3rd June 1887 at 90 Cupar Street.  
Two of his children were buried alongside him - George Machesney (1859 or 1861 - 1912) who died at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 29th February 1912, and Sarah Maria Machesney (1863 - 1903) who died aged 40 at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 14th October 1903.
The civil records back these deaths up - Sarah Machesney died aged 37 at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 14th October 1903, and the informant was her brother Joseph of 40 Lawnbrook Avenue.  Her brother, George Machesney died there a bachelor on 27th February 1912, aged 53;  his brother was present - James Machesney of 6 Birkin Street.

On 30th June 1882 in Ballysillan, Belfast, yarndresser James Machesney, son of Joseph Machesney and Naamah Dickson, married Maggie McLean, daughter of tenter Robert McClean of Belfast, The witnesses were Robert Douglas and Ellen McClean.  They had Robert Joseph McChesney on 25th May 1883, daughter, Naamah Machesney at 5 Carnan Street on 3rd October 1885, Sarah Ann who was born on 11th April 1889 but who died the following year, and James McChesney born 28th October 1890.    Robert Joseph McChesney, the son of James Machesney and Margaret McLean, married Elizabeth Cowan in Belfast and had a son, George, in December 1912.

3) Henry Dickson 1812 - 1906, our great-great grandfather who married Elizabeth Edwards in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 27th October 1848.  Their son was Joseph Edwards Dickson.

4) John Dickson 1823 - 1892  - he married Sarah Kirkland, the daughter of William Kirkland, in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 5th December 1850.  The widowed Sarah can be seen on the 1901 Census living in Carrowcolman, Tyrone.
Their children were Thomas Dickson 1861 - 1942, Sarah Maria Dickson who was born on 27th May 1866 at Carrowcolman, an unnamed son born at Carrowcolman on 15th October 1868 and Margaret Dickson was born there on 4th November 1869 - 1938.  Eliza Dickson was present for the birth of Sarah Maria in 1866  - this was possibly Eliza Edwards, wife of Henry Dickson.  A Mary Millar of Terryglassey (?) was present for the birth of the son born in 1868.

5) David Dickson, born circa 1826.  David Dickson of Benburb married Agnes Leslie in Minterburn First Presbyterian Church on 1st October 1852.  (From 'Belfast Newsletter', 18th October 1852.) This couple possibly emigrated to New Jersey shortly after their marriage.   Agnes Leslie's father was William Leslie of Minterburn, and Griffiths Valuation notes a William Leslie farming 35 acres in Mullyneill townland, Aghaloo, 2.5 miles north of Minterburn Church, as was James McChesney, possibly the father of Joseph McChesney who married Naamah Dickson, David Dickson's sister.

The children of Henry Dickson (1812 - 1906) and Elizabeth Edwards (1815 - 1905) were:

The three known children of Henry Dickson Jr. and Elizabeth Edwards were Sarah Maria Dickson who was born in Drummond on 20th April 1864, our great-grandfather Joseph Edwards Dickson born  circa 1865, and David Dickson.

On the 1901 Census in Moy, Drummond, we can see Joseph's parents, Henry aged 86 and Elizabeth aged 85, still alive and living with their son, David and his young wife Anne Marie.
Immediately next door to Henry and Elizabeth, was a Thomas Js. Dickson, aged 28, a farmer who 'can read and wright'.  By 1911 this same man has aged and gives his age as 55.

Elizabeth  Dickson, née Edwards, died at Drummond aged 90 on 29th April 1905; the informant was her son David.
Henry Dickson of Drummond, father of Sarah Maria, Joseph and David, and husband of Elizabeth Edwards, died a widower aged 94 on 15th August 1906.  I hope I've inherited their genes.

In 1911 Henry's son David Dickson and his wife were still living at Moy.   David's wife was Anna Maria Atkinson.  David Dickson, son of Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards, had married Anna Maria Atkinson, the daughter of John Atkinson of Coolhill, in Drumglass on 2nd August 1898 - this was witnessed by Thomas J. Dickson and Lizzie Atkinson.

The children of David Dickson and Anna Maria Atkinson were:

  • Margaret born 28th November 1900 - 2nd September 1915.
  • Ruth Emma or Anna Dickson born 18th June 1902 - 6th March 1907.
  • Annie Maria born 21st August 1904 - 1996.
  • Henry born 1st October 1906 - 1990, died in Belfast.
  • Naamah Dickson born at Drummond on 28th May 1908 - 1997, she died in Portadown, Co. Armagh, and had married Robert George McClelland on 11th June 1928.
  • Joseph Edwards Dickson 1911 - 1970;  he was named after David's late brother, our great-granddfather, who had died six years earlier.
  • Thomas James born 15th May 1913 - 1948.

David Dickson's wife, Anna Maria Atkinson, died aged 42 of tuberculosis in Drummond on 17th February 1914.
On 3rd May 1916 in Moy, Clonfeakle, widower David Dickson, son of Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards, married Eliza Jane, daughter of Robert Lucas of Ballymackleduff. The witnesses were Robert and Mary Lucas.

Joseph Dickson's sister, Sarah Maria McCollough/McCullagh Dickson, was born in Drummond on 20th April 1864  to Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards.  On 27th December 1895 in Moy, Clonfeacle, she married James Millar or Miller, a farmer of Mullaghboy, the son of John Millar.  The wedding was witnessed by our great-grandfather, Joseph Edwards Dickson, and by an M.E.Hillock, who I believe to be Margaret Elizabeth Hillock, the wife of an Armagh coal and timber merchant Henry Hillock.

James Millar and Sarah Maria McCollough Dickson of Mullaghboy, Co. Tyrone, had:

Elizabeth Millar on 12th August 1897.
Lydia Millar on 11th August 1898.
John Millar born circa 1900.
Naamah Maria on 1st October 1901.
Annie Evelyn Millar on 9th October 1903,
Margaret Millar on 21st October 1904 and
James Millar on 8th August 1906.

A fourth child of Henry Dickson Junior and Elizabeth Edwards might be the Rose Anne Dickson (1853 - 1891) who married Samuel Fulton of Lisduff, Benburb, in about 1878.  They had children - Martha Jane Fulton was born in Lisduff on 15th October 1879, Sarah Maria Fulton was born on 21st June 1881,  Joseph Henderson Fulton was born on 5th February 1883, Joseph Henry Fulton was born on 21st October 1885, Naamah Fulton was born on 24th October 1887 but died in 1890, and Maria was born on 3rd August 1890.   The childrens' mother, Rose Ann, née Dickson, died aged 38 in Lisduff, Benburb, on 26th July 1891.  There is no sign of this family on either census.

(The Ruth Dickson who married Andrew Ferguson, son of William Ferguson, on 1st March 1875, was the daughter of an unrelated Henry Dickson who was farming at Donaghmore, Co. Tyrone, ten miles north of Drummond, the home of the Dickson family discussed in this post. )

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